Speaking & Listening Anchor Standard 6 Level C/D

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

Leveled Standard C

Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal English when appropriate to task and situation. (See Language standards 1 and 3.) (SL.4.6)

Leveled Standard D

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.) (SL.8.6)

Teacher Notes
Informal discourse includes class discussions, paired, and small-group discussions.

Formal discourse includes presenting speeches (how to, persuasive, informational, expository) and debate (a formal contest of argumentation between two people or teams; an essential tool for reasoned discussion that generally aims to avoid descending to insult, emotional appeals, or personal bias).

Role plays, where students act out or perform the part of a person or character in a particular setting, can be used for training and to practice formal and informal discourse. Mock job interviews are one type of (formal) role play.

opens in a new window Talk moves can help guide student and teacher discussion. The mnemonic TAP introduces three considerations that help determine how one should speak, formal or informal: task (topic/subject; genre expectations), audience (peers, administrators, etc.), and purpose (to inform, persuade, or entertain). Adding an S for style helps students think about how they should change their speech and presentation to fit the task, audience, and purpose.

Brief but regular practice with prompts and speaking games can help students build their comfort level with public speaking.

Examples / Activities
Classroom Debate [r6cdeActivity]

Students select a debate topic, organize pro/con teams, conduct research, plan arguments, and carry out a classroom debate.

Workforce Readiness Skills

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
See Language standards 1 and 3 and related GED® RLA assessment targets.

L.1.4 Edit to eliminate non-standard or informal usage (e.g., correctly use try to win the game instead of trying and win the game).

Resources
opens in a new window Education World: More Resources for Classroom Debates
opens in a new window How Pop-up Debate Works from opens in a new window Dave Stuart Jr.
opens in a new window Listenwise
opens in a new window Speaking and Listening Rubric from Manchester High School Central

Speaking and Listening Standards: Rubric for Presentations [sl4abcdH1PresentationRubric]
opens in a new window Style-shifting: Examining and Using Formal and Informal Language Styles Lesson from opens in a new window ReadWriteThink
opens in a new window Talk Moves for Productive Discussion
opens in a new window Write-Out-Loud.com
opens in a new window Write-Out-Loud.com Persuasive Speech Outline and opens in a new window Template
opens in a new window Write-Out-Loud.com Public Speaking Activities

ELA Activities for Level C / D
Teen Driving Pro/Con Discussion
Following opens in a new window a lesson plan from the Teaching Channel, students read two articles on teen driving and the minimum driving age. After marking the readings and working collaboratively to make notes, learners use a jury-style philosophical chairs format to engage in productive student-led discussions. Read More Teen Driving Pro/Con Discussion
Too Broke to Learn
Students will read a three-part blog series to gain a new perspective on student poverty and the stereotypes surrounding people who experience poverty through no choice of their own. Read More Too Broke to Learn
Classroom Debate
Students select a debate topic, organize pro/con teams, conduct research, plan arguments, and carry out a classroom debate. Read More Classroom Debate
America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Students read opens in a new window “Filling America’s Need for Skilled Workers” Newsela article at an appropriate Lexile level and underline unknown words or new vocabulary, transitional words, and specific vocabulary words related to jobs and economics. Students then use opens in a new window Quizlet to create online vocabulary cards. Finally, students create individual resumés for Virginia job/job markets that they are interested in. Read More America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Workplace Safety Presentations
Students read and listen to texts related to workplace safety. Then, students create their own multimedia presentations synthesizing the workplace safety lessons learned. Read More Workplace Safety Presentations
More Activities