Reading Anchor Standard 2 Level E

Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. (Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)

Leveled Standard E
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text. (RI/RL.9-10.2)
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms. (RST.11- 12.2)

Teacher Notes

To meet this standard, students must be able to identify central ideas and themes, show how details convey the central ideas or themes, trace the development of central ideas or themes, and summarize the text.

For literature, students need an understanding of literary elements: plot, character, setting, theme, antagonistic forces, problems, resolution, conflict.

For informational texts, students need an understanding of central idea and supporting details.

Examples / Activities
Before It’s Too Late

Students will read and summarize an 8-page chapter from a book on the subject of raising children to be responsible.

opens in a new window Workforce Readiness Skills:

opens in a new window Confessions of Nat Turner:Students will work in teams to integrate and evaluate information from slavery-era primary documents.

opens in a new window Workforce Readiness Skills:

GED Social Studies Assessment Targets : USH.c.1: Slavery, CG.b.1: Natural rights philosophy

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.1 Comprehend explicit details and main ideas in text.
R.2.2 Summarize details and ideas in text.
R.2.3 Make sentence level inferences about details that support main ideas.
R.2.4 Infer implied main ideas in paragraphs or whole texts.
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.
R.2.6 Identify a theme, or identify which element(s) in a text support a theme.
R.2.8 Draw conclusions or make generalizations that require synthesis of multiple main ideas in text.
R.3.5 Analyze the roles that details play in complex literary or informational texts.

Resources
opens in a new window GEDTS Guide to Close Reading: Hitting the Mark
opens in a new window Finding Themes in Literature Slideshare Presentation
opens in a new window Text Dependent Question Stems Aligned to CCRS

ELA Activities for Level E
Before It’s Too Late
Students will read and summarize an 8-page chapter from a book on the subject of raising children to be responsible. Read More Before It’s Too Late
Confederate Flag Controversy Discussion
After reading an article on a controversy at a Virginia high school regarding the Confederate flag and viewing primary sources related to the flag’s role in history, learners discuss the flag’s symbolism and how the high school should have responded to the incident. Read More Confederate Flag Controversy Discussion
Analyzing Rhetoric in a Video
Have students work in groups to analyze the rhetorical elements of a persuasive speech. As a group, discuss how the parts work together to influence an audience. Read More Analyzing Rhetoric in a Video
Listening and Responding Across Subject Areas
Students listen to and discuss informational audio presentations. Read More Listening and Responding Across Subject Areas
Job Search Vocabulary
Students research specific jobs and markets using opens in a new window Virginia Workforce Connection; they identify and define unknown words and use them in resumé building, cover letter writing, and mock interviewing. Read More Job Search Vocabulary
More Activities