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Reading Anchor Standard 2 Level E
Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. (Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)
Leveled Standard E
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text. (RI/RL.9-10.2)
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms. (RST.11- 12.2)
To meet this standard, students must be able to identify central ideas and themes, show how details convey the central ideas or themes, trace the development of central ideas or themes, and summarize the text.
For literature, students need an understanding of literary elements: plot, character, setting, theme, antagonistic forces, problems, resolution, conflict.
For informational texts, students need an understanding of central idea and supporting details.
Examples / Activities
Before It’s Too Late
Students will read and summarize an 8-page chapter from a book on the subject of raising children to be responsible.
Positive Work Ethic: read about making responsible choices
Teamwork: assists others and received feedback through peer review
Speaking and Listening: work and discuss with a partner
Reading and Writing: reading a passage and summarizing
opens in a new window Confessions of Nat Turner:Students will work in teams to integrate and evaluate information from slavery-era primary documents.
Speaking and Listening: students will listen as other student(s) dramatically read an excerpt from an 1830s pamphlet.
Teamwork: students will work with teams to answer high level questions.
Critical Thinking and Problem Solving: students will integrate and evaluate information presented in two 1800s primary documents.
GED Social Studies Assessment Targets : USH.c.1: Slavery, CG.b.1: Natural rights philosophy
GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.1 Comprehend explicit details and main ideas in text.
R.2.2 Summarize details and ideas in text.
R.2.3 Make sentence level inferences about details that support main ideas.
R.2.4 Infer implied main ideas in paragraphs or whole texts.
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.
R.2.6 Identify a theme, or identify which element(s) in a text support a theme.
R.2.8 Draw conclusions or make generalizations that require synthesis of multiple main ideas in text.
R.3.5 Analyze the roles that details play in complex literary or informational texts.
opens in a new window GEDTS Guide to Close Reading: Hitting the Mark
opens in a new window Finding Themes in Literature Slideshare Presentation
opens in a new window Text Dependent Question Stems Aligned to CCRS