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Reading Anchor Standard 2 Level C/D
Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. (Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)
Leveled Standard C
Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text. (RI.4.2)
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. (RL.4.2)
Leveled Standard D
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. (RI/RL.6.2)
- Application: determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. (RST.6-8.2)
To meet this standard, students must be able to
identify central ideas and themes, show how details convey the central ideas or themes, trace the development of central ideas or themes, and summarize the text.
For literature, students need an understanding of literary elements: plot, character, setting, theme, antagonistic forces, problems, resolution, conflict.
For informational texts, students need an understanding of central idea and supporting details.
Theme is defined as a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may be stated directly or indirectly.
Examples / Activities
Too Broke to Learn
Students will read a three-part blog series to gain a new perspective on student poverty and the stereotypes surrounding people who experience poverty through no choice of their own.
Positive Work Ethic: analyze how an author stays motivated to accomplish the tasks at hand
Integrity: analyze how an author demonstrates honesty and reliability
Self-representation: analyze a blog writer’s use of clear language and formal grammar
Diversity awareness: read an educational blog and gain insight into the struggle of the author, a black woman who grew up in urban poverty yet, with determination, was able to success
Creativity and resourcefulness: analyze an author’s initiative in pursuing education despite barriers
Speaking and Listening: discuss questions and answers
Reading and Writing: read passages; write summary and short answers
Time, Task, and Resource Management: analyze a writer’s time, task, and resource management and how she was able to balance many responsibilities
Mathematics: draw conclusions from numerical data (optional with opens in a new window Will Your Child Be Rich or Poor? extension activity)
Information Technology: use a computer to read multi-part educational blog
Internet Use and Security: read a multi-part educational blog
GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.1 Comprehend explicit details and main ideas in text.
R.2.2 Summarize details and ideas in text.
R.2.3 Make sentence level inferences about details that support main ideas.
R.2.4 Infer implied main ideas in paragraphs or whole texts.
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.
R.2.6 Identify a theme, or identify which element(s) in a text support a theme.
R.3.5 Analyze the roles that details play in complex literary or informational texts.
opens in a new window 5 Ws Graphic Organizer (for writing summaries)
opens in a new window Determining Importance: Helping Students Recognize Important Points in Content Text from Ohio State University
opens in a new window GEDTS Guide to Close Reading: Hitting the Mark
opens in a new window Scholastic SCOPE: Central Idea or Supporting Detail? by Joanne Canizaro
opens in a new window Mount Township Public Schools (NJ) Reading Anchors with Writing and Teacher Prompts
opens in a new window Summarizing PPT Presentation
opens in a new window Summarizing Practice PPT Presentation
opens in a new window Text Dependent Question Stems Aligned to CCRS