Reading Anchor Standard 2 Level C/D

Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. (Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)

Leveled Standard C
Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text. (RI.4.2)

Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. (RL.4.2)

Leveled Standard D
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. (RI/RL.6.2)

  • Application: determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. (RST.6-8.2)

Teacher Notes

To meet this standard, students must be able to
identify central ideas and themes, show how details convey the central ideas or themes, trace the development of central ideas or themes, and summarize the text.

For literature, students need an understanding of literary elements: plot, character, setting, theme, antagonistic forces, problems, resolution, conflict.

For informational texts, students need an understanding of central idea and supporting details.

Theme is defined as a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may be stated directly or indirectly.

Examples / Activities
Too Broke to Learn

Students will read a three-part blog series to gain a new perspective on student poverty and the stereotypes surrounding people who experience poverty through no choice of their own.

opens in a new window Workforce Readiness Skills:

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.1 Comprehend explicit details and main ideas in text.
R.2.2 Summarize details and ideas in text.
R.2.3 Make sentence level inferences about details that support main ideas.
R.2.4 Infer implied main ideas in paragraphs or whole texts.
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.
R.2.6 Identify a theme, or identify which element(s) in a text support a theme.
R.3.5 Analyze the roles that details play in complex literary or informational texts.

Resources
opens in a new window 5 Ws Graphic Organizer (for writing summaries)
opens in a new window Determining Importance: Helping Students Recognize Important Points in Content Text from Ohio State University
opens in a new window GEDTS Guide to Close Reading: Hitting the Mark
opens in a new window Scholastic SCOPE: Central Idea or Supporting Detail? by Joanne Canizaro
opens in a new window Mount Township Public Schools (NJ) Reading Anchors with Writing and Teacher Prompts
opens in a new window Summarizing PPT Presentation
opens in a new window Summarizing Practice PPT Presentation
opens in a new window Text Dependent Question Stems Aligned to CCRS

opens in a new window Your Objective Summary Checklist

ELA Activities for Level C / D
Figurative Language: Tractors Take Over
Students analyze the figurative language in a short passage from Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath. Read More Figurative Language: Tractors Take Over
Listening and Responding Across Subject Areas
Students listen to and discuss informational audio presentations. Read More Listening and Responding Across Subject Areas
America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Students read opens in a new window “Filling America’s Need for Skilled Workers” Newsela article at an appropriate Lexile level and underline unknown words or new vocabulary, transitional words, and specific vocabulary words related to jobs and economics. Students then use opens in a new window Quizlet to create online vocabulary cards. Finally, students create individual resumés for Virginia job/job markets that they are interested in. Read More America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Using Multimedia Strategically
Students discuss good and bad presentations and read tips for avoiding multimedia mistakes. Then, they revise one of their own presentations by adding or changing a multimedia element. Read More Using Multimedia Strategically
Summarizing Pro/Con Videos
Have students work in groups to find a persuasive speech online, use a graphic organizer to analyze the speaker’s claims, and write a summary in five sentences or less. Read More Summarizing Pro/Con Videos
More Activities