Reading Anchor Standard 2 Level A/B

Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. (Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)

Leveled Standard A
Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. (RI.1.2)

Leveled Standard B
Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea. (RI.3.2)

Teacher Notes

To meet this standard, students must be able to identify central ideas and themes, show how details convey the central ideas or themes, trace the development of central ideas or themes, and summarize the text.

For literature, students need an understanding of literary elements: plot, character, setting, theme, antagonistic forces, problems, resolution, conflict.

For informational texts, students need an understanding of central idea and supporting details.

Examples / Activities
Getting to Work on Time

Students at A level will be introduced to finding a main idea through pictures, and students with reading levels as low as first-grade equivalent will read a passage, retell it, and determine the main idea. Extension activities include practicing time management skills, including filling out a timesheet.

opens in a new window Workforce Readiness Skills:

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.1 Comprehend explicit details and main ideas in text.
R.2.3 Make sentence level inferences about details that support main ideas.
R.2.4 Infer implied main ideas in paragraphs or whole texts.
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.
R.3.5 Analyze the roles that details play in complex literary or informational texts.

Resources
opens in a new window Determining Importance: Helping Students Recognize Important Points in Content Text from Ohio State University
opens in a new window IXL.com Interactive Practice: Y.2 Determine the Themes of Myths, Fables, and Folktales
opens in a new window Marshall Adult Education Reading Skills for Today’s Adults
opens in a new window Mount Township Public Schools (NJ) Reading Anchors with Writing and Teacher Prompts
opens in a new window Text Dependent Question Stems Aligned to CCRS

ELA Activities for Level A / B
Conversational Fishbowl
Students choose a question (from a list such as opens in a new window this one ) to discuss in order to become more comfortable talking in a discussion format. Instructional focus should be on learners speaking one at a time and listening to respond or add to the topic. Read More Conversational Fishbowl
America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Students read opens in a new window “Filling America’s Need for Skilled Workers” Newsela article at an appropriate Lexile level and underline unknown words or new vocabulary, transitional words, and specific vocabulary words related to jobs and economics. Students then use opens in a new window Quizlet to create online vocabulary cards. Finally, students create individual resumés for Virginia job/job markets that they are interested in. Read More America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
The Affix Garden
Students manipulate shapes (flower=prefix, stem=root word, suffix=leaf) to learn about affixes and create words. Read More The Affix Garden
In Memory of Dr. King
Students learn about and practice making inferences; they read and/or listen to a passage about the national Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial. Read More In Memory of Dr. King
Guest Speaker
Invite an informative guest speaker to class (or ask a student to speak to classmates about an area of expertise). Before the visit, have students plan the questions they will ask; during the visit, encourage students to ask follow-up questions. Read More Guest Speaker
More Activities