Language Anchor Standard 5 Level C/D

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

Leveled Standard C
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

  1. Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.
  2. Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
  3. Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words. (L.5.5)

Leveled Standard D

  1. N/A

Teacher Notes

Students should know key terms that describe word relationships and figurative language; however, it is important that students have opportunities to study this language in context and discuss how the figurative language and word choice contribute to a writer or speaker’s tone and purpose.

A metaphor is a term or phrase that is used to make a comparison between two things that aren’t alike.
Example: The world is your oyster.

A simile is a term or phrase that is used to compare two things and uses “like” or “as” in the comparison. Example: Our soldiers are as brave as lions.

An idiom is a traditional way of saying something. Often an idiom, such as “under the weather,” does not seem to make sense if taken literally.

A proverb is a general truth or piece of advice. Example: Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.

An adage is a proverb or short statement expressing a general truth. Example: Out of sight, out of mind.

A homonym is a word pronounced the same as another but differing in meaning, whether spelled the same way or not. Example: heir and air

A homograph is a word spelled the same way as another word but differing in meaning and sometimes in pronunciation. Example: bass (fish) and bass (low, deep voice)

An antonym is a word opposite in meaning to another. Example: bad and good

A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase. Examples: beautiful, attractive, pretty, lovely, stunning

Examples / Activities
Figurative Language: Tractors Take Over

Students analyze the figurative language in a short passage from Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath.

opens in a new window Workforce Readiness Skills:

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.4.1/L.4.1 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining connotative and figurative meanings from context.
R.4.2/L.4.2 Analyze how meaning or tone is affected when one word is replaced with another.
R.4.3/L.4.3 Analyze the impact of specific words, phrases, or figurative language in text, with a focus on an author’s intent to convey information or construct an argument.

opens in a new window BrightHub Education: Teaching Homophones
opens in a new window EdHelper Homonyms List
opens in a new window How to Show Students that Word Choice Matters by Kara Wymans
opens in a new window WiseLearn Resources: Figurative Language Terms
YourDictionary opens in a new window Examples of Figurative Language
and opens in a new window Figurative Language

ELA Activities for Level C / D
America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Students read opens in a new window “Filling America’s Need for Skilled Workers” Newsela article at an appropriate Lexile level and underline unknown words or new vocabulary, transitional words, and specific vocabulary words related to jobs and economics. Students then use opens in a new window Quizlet to create online vocabulary cards. Finally, students create individual resumés for Virginia job/job markets that they are interested in. Read More America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Teen Driving Pro/Con Discussion
Following opens in a new window a lesson plan from the Teaching Channel, students read two articles on teen driving and the minimum driving age. After marking the readings and working collaboratively to make notes, learners use a jury-style philosophical chairs format to engage in productive student-led discussions. Read More Teen Driving Pro/Con Discussion
Listening and Responding Across Subject Areas
Students listen to and discuss informational audio presentations. Read More Listening and Responding Across Subject Areas
The Soup Nazi and Customer Service
In Part 1, students listen to a radio interview with a dyslexic journalist and answer questions about the details. In Part 2, students listen and read along to a radio piece about successful dyslexics. Students answer questions found in the reading. In Part 3, students analyze a graph showing the divergence of IQ and reading ability in dyslexics Read More The Soup Nazi and Customer Service
Classroom Debate
Students select a debate topic, organize pro/con teams, conduct research, plan arguments, and carry out a classroom debate. Read More Classroom Debate
More Activities