Language Anchor Standard 2 Level A/B

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

Leveled Standard A
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

  1. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.
  2. Capitalize dates and names of people.
  3. Recognize and name end punctuation.
  4. Use end punctuation for sentences.
  5. Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.
  6. Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short- vowel sounds (phonemes).
  7. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.
  8. Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.
  9. Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions. (L.K.2 and 1.2 merge)

Leveled Standard B
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

  1. Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.
  2. Capitalize appropriate words in titles.
  3. Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
  4. Use commas in addresses.
  5. Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue..
  6. Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
  7. Form and use possessives.
  8. Use conventional spelling for high-frequency and other studied words and for adding suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).
  9. Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage → badge; boy → boil).
  10. Use spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spellings, syllabus patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts) in writing words.
  11. Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings. (L.2.2 and 3.2 merge)

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
L.1.1 Edit to correct errors involving frequently confused words and homonyms, including contractions (passed, past; two, too, to; there, their, they’re; knew, new; it’s its).
L.2.1 Edit to ensure correct use of capitalization (e.g., proper nouns, titles, and beginnings of sentences).
L.2.3 Edit to ensure correct use of apostrophe with possessive nouns.
L.2.4 Edit to ensure correct use of punctuation (e.g., commas in a series or in appositives and other non-essential elements, end marks, and appropriate punctuation for clause separation).
W.3 Write clearly and demonstrate sufficient command of standard English conventions.

ELA Activities for Level A / B
The Affix Garden
Students manipulate shapes (flower=prefix, stem=root word, suffix=leaf) to learn about affixes and create words. Read More The Affix Garden
Conversational Fishbowl
Students choose a question (from a list such as opens in a new window this one ) to discuss in order to become more comfortable talking in a discussion format. Instructional focus should be on learners speaking one at a time and listening to respond or add to the topic. Read More Conversational Fishbowl
Finding the Main Idea, Getting to Work on Time
Students at A level will be introduced to finding a main idea through pictures, and students with reading levels as low as first-grade equivalent will read a passage, retell it, and determine the main idea. Extension activities include practicing time management skills, including filling out a timesheet Read More Finding the Main Idea, Getting to Work on Time
Guest Speaker
Invite an informative guest speaker to class (or ask a student to speak to classmates about an area of expertise). Before the visit, have students plan the questions they will ask; during the visit, encourage students to ask follow-up questions. Read More Guest Speaker
America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
Students read opens in a new window “Filling America’s Need for Skilled Workers” Newsela article at an appropriate Lexile level and underline unknown words or new vocabulary, transitional words, and specific vocabulary words related to jobs and economics. Students then use opens in a new window Quizlet to create online vocabulary cards. Finally, students create individual resumés for Virginia job/job markets that they are interested in. Read More America’s Skilled Workers: Vocabulary
More Activities