Speaking & Listening Anchor Standard 4 Level E

Leveled Standard E

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task. (SL.9-10.4)

Teacher Notes
Teachers may want to share models (good and bad) and rubrics to help students understand the criteria for effective speaking and presentations. Learners should consider TAPS (task/topic, audience, purpose, and style).

Teachers may want to teach planning and organizing strategies (such as using a graphic organizer or index cards and choosing a problem-solution structure) or digital literacy skills (such as locating copyright-free image or music files or using common presentation software).

Examples / Activities
Career Exploration and Workplace Safety Presentations

Students read and listen to texts related to workplace safety. Then, students research jobs and create their own multimedia presentations synthesizing job information, workplace safety lessons learned, and personal career goals.

Workforce Readiness Skills

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.
R.8.1 Delineate the specific steps of an argument the author puts forward, including how the argument’s claims build on one another.
R.8.2 Identify specific pieces of evidence an author uses in support of claims or conclusions.
R.8.4 Distinguish claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.
R.8.5 Assess whether the reasoning is valid; identify fallacious reasoning in an argument and evaluate its impact.

Resources
opens in a new window Forbes: 5 Quick Ways to Organize a Presentation by Nick Morgan
opens in a new window Google Slides Tutorial by David Lee
opens in a new window GSuite Learning Center: Get Started with Slides
opens in a new window Magnetic Speaking: 8 Time Tested Ways to Organize Your Presentation by Peter Khoury
opens in a new window Patterns of Organization
opens in a new window Personal Inventory: Effective Speaking
opens in a new window PowerPoint 2016 and opens in a new window Prezi Tutorials from opens in a new window GCFLearnFree
opens in a new window Presentation Dos and Don’ts


opens in a new window Rubric for Presentations

Speaking & Listening Anchor Standard 4 Level C/D

Leveled Standard C

Report on a topic or text or present an opinion, sequencing ideas logically and using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace. (SL.5.4)

Leveled Standard D

Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. (SL.8.4)

Teacher Notes
Teachers may want to share models (good and bad) and rubrics to help students understand the criteria for effective speaking and presentations. Learners should consider TAPS (task/topic, audience, purpose, and style).

Teachers may want to teach planning and organizing strategies (such as using a graphic organizer or index cards and choosing a problem-solution structure) or digital literacy skills (such as locating copyright-free image or music files or using common presentation software).

Examples / Activities
Workplace Safety Presentations

Students read and listen to texts related to workplace safety. Then, students created their own multimedia presentations synthesizing the workplace safety lessons learned.

Workforce Readiness Skills

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.
R.8.1 Delineate the specific steps of an argument the author puts forward, including how the argument’s claims build on one another.
R.8.2 Identify specific pieces of evidence an author uses in support of claims or conclusions.
R.8.4 Distinguish claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.
R.8.5 Assess whether the reasoning is valid; identify fallacious reasoning in an argument and evaluate its impact.

Resources
opens in a new window Forbes: 5 Quick Ways to Organize a Presentation by Nick Morgan
opens in a new window Google Slides Tutorial by David Lee
opens in a new window GSuite Learning Center: Get Started with Slides
opens in a new window Magnetic Speaking: 8 Time Tested Ways to Organize Your Presentation by Peter Khoury
opens in a new window Patterns of Organization
opens in a new window Personal Inventory: Effective Speaking
opens in a new window PowerPoint 2016 and opens in a new window Prezi Tutorials from opens in a new window GCFLearnFree
opens in a new window Presentation Dos and Don’ts


opens in a new window Rubric for Presentations

Speaking & Listening Anchor Standard 4 Level A/B

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Leveled Standard A

Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly. (SL.1.4)

Leveled Standard B

Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace. (SL.3.4)

Teacher Notes
Teachers may want to share models (good and bad) and rubrics to help students understand the criteria for effective speaking and presentations. Learners should consider TAPS (task/topic, audience, purpose, and style).

Teachers may want to teach planning strategies (such as using a graphic organizer or index cards) or digital literacy skills (such as locating copyright-free image or music files or using common presentation software).

Examples / Activities
Workplace Safety Presentations

Students read and listen to texts related to workplace safety. Then, students created their own multimedia presentations synthesizing the workplace safety lessons learned.

Workforce Readiness Skills

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.2.5 Determine which detail(s) support a main idea.

Resources
opens in a new window Google Slides Tutorial by David Lee
opens in a new window GSuite Learning Center: Get Started with Slides
opens in a new window Personal Inventory: Effective Speaking
opens in a new window PowerPoint 2016 and opens in a new window Prezi Tutorials from opens in a new window GCFLearnFree
opens in a new window Presentation Dos and Don’ts


opens in a new window Rubric for Presentations

Writing Anchor Standard 4 Level E

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Leveled Standard E
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (W/WHST.11-12.4)

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
L.1.8 Edit to eliminate wordiness or awkward sentence construction.
R.4.3/L.4.3 Analyze the impact of specific words, phrases, or figurative language in text, with a focus on an author’s intent to convey information or construct an argument.
R.5.4 Analyze how the structure of a paragraph, section, or passage shapes meaning, emphasized key ideas, or supports an author’s purpose.
R.6.4 Analyze how an author uses rhetorical techniques to advance his or her point of view or achieve a specific purpose (e.g., analogies, enumerations, repetition and parallelism, juxtaposition of opposites, qualifying statements).
W.2 Produce an extended analytic response in which the writer introduces the idea(s) or claim(s) clearly; creates an organization that logically sequences information; develops the idea(s) or claim(s) thoroughly with well-chosen examples, facts, or details from the text; and maintains a coherent focus.
W.3 Write clearly and demonstrate sufficient command of standard English conventions.

Writing Anchor Standard 4 Level C/D

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Leveled Standard C
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
(W 5.4)

Leveled Standard D
Produce clear and coherent writing which the development, organization and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (W/WHST.6-8.4)

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
L.1.8 Edit to eliminate wordiness or awkward sentence construction.
R.4.3/L.4.3 Analyze the impact of specific words, phrases, or figurative language in text, with a focus on an author’s intent to convey information or construct an argument.
R.5.4 Analyze how the structure of a paragraph, section, or passage shapes meaning, emphasized key ideas, or supports an author’s purpose.
R.6.4 Analyze how an author uses rhetorical techniques to advance his or her point of view or achieve a specific purpose (e.g., analogies, enumerations, repetition and parallelism, juxtaposition of opposites, qualifying statements).
W.2 Produce an extended analytic response in which the writer introduces the idea(s) or claim(s) clearly; creates an organization that logically sequences information; develops the idea(s) or claim(s) thoroughly with well-chosen examples, facts, or details from the text; and maintains a coherent focus.
W.3 Write clearly and demonstrate sufficient command of standard English conventions.

Writing Anchor Standard 4 Level A/B

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Leveled Standard A
N/A

Leveled Standard B
Produce writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task and purpose.
(W.3.4)

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
L.1.8 Edit to eliminate wordiness or awkward sentence construction.
R.4.3/L.4.3 Analyze the impact of specific words, phrases, or figurative language in text, with a focus on an author’s intent to convey information or construct an argument.
R.5.4 Analyze how the structure of a paragraph, section, or passage shapes meaning, emphasized key ideas, or supports an author’s purpose.
R.6.4 Analyze how an author uses rhetorical techniques to advance his or her point of view or achieve a specific purpose (e.g., analogies, enumerations, repetition and parallelism, juxtaposition of opposites, qualifying statements).
W.3 Write clearly and demonstrate sufficient command of standard English conventions.

Reading Anchor Standard 4 Level E

Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.(Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)

Leveled Standard E
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper). (RI/RL.9-10.4)

  • Application: determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a scientific or technical context. (RST.9-10.4)

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.4.1/L.4.1 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining connotative and figurative meanings from context.
R.4.2/L.4.2 Analyze how meaning or tone is affected when one word is replaced with another.
R.4.3/L.4.3 Analyze the impact of specific words, phrases, or figurative language in text, with a focus on an author’s intent to convey information or construct an argument.
R.5.3 Analyze transitional language or signal words (words that indicate structural relationships, such as consequently, nevertheless, otherwise) and determine how they refine meaning, emphasize certain ideas, or reinforce an author’s purpose.

Reading Anchor Standard 4 Level C/D

Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.(Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)

Leveled Standard C
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a topic or subject area. (RI.5.4)

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes. (RL.5.4)

Leveled Standard D
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. (RI/RL.6.4)

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.4.1/L.4.1 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining connotative and figurative meanings from context.
R.4.2/L.4.2 Analyze how meaning or tone is affected when one word is replaced with another.
R.4.3/L.4.3 Analyze the impact of specific words, phrases, or figurative language in text, with a focus on an author’s intent to convey information or construct an argument.
R.5.3 Analyze transitional language or signal words (words that indicate structural relationships, such as consequently, nevertheless, otherwise) and determine how they refine meaning, emphasize certain ideas, or reinforce an author’s purpose.

Reading Anchor Standard 4 Level A/B

Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. (Apply this standard to texts of appropriate complexity as outlined by Standard 10.)

Leveled Standard A
Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text. (RI.1.4)

Leveled Standard B
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a topic or subject area. (RI.3.4)

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.4.1/L.4.1 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining connotative and figurative meanings from context.

Language Anchor Standard 4 Level E

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.

Leveled Standard E
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

  1. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
  2. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable).
  3. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, or its etymology or its standard usage.
  4. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). (L.11-12.4)

Teacher Notes

Students at this level should have practice in discovering meanings of advanced words based on Greek/Latin affixes and word roots. They should apply their word knowledge in their own writing and in reading complex texts, including workplace- or subject-specific informational texts.

GED® Assessment Targets (RLA)
R.4.1/L.4.1 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining connotative and figurative meanings from context.

Resources
opens in a new window Center for Development & Learning: Common Prefixes, Suffixes and Roots
opens in a new window Michigan State University: Common Prefixes, Suffixes, and Root Words